Has the casino industry hit its peak?
Gambling revenues are down in a number of states, raising questions as to whether the market has become saturated. It also raises questions for states like Florida that are considering legalizing casinos: Are they too late to the gambling game?
Before making a big bet on casinos, policy makers should take a look at Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Louisiana to name just a few states where casinos revenues are falling.
In Detroit, casino revenues dropped 4.7 percent last year in part because of increased competition from Ohio. The drop in revenue leaves even less money to fund operations in the bankrupt city.
In Indiana, casino tax revenues plunged 15 percent over the past six months. Overall, revenues in Indiana hit an eight-year low. In Ohio, casino-tax revenue dropped for the second-straight quarter leaving some to wonder if gambling has already peaked in a state where the casinos just opened two years ago. In Wisconsin, the drop in casino revenue there prompted some to say the market is saturated.
In Pennsylvania, casino revenues dropped 1.4 percent in 2013, marking the first drop since gambling play began in 2006. In Louisiana, casino revenues were down 4.4 percent in December, including a 16 percent drop in New Orleans. In Connecticut, revenues from two Indian casinos dropped 15 percent and 8 percent respectively in December. Officials there expect gambling revenues to keep dropping as competition increases, leaving the state scrambling for new sources of revenue.
In Delaware, casinos revenues dropped 5.5 percent in one year, thanks to increased competition mainly from Maryland. The Delaware casinos pushed for lower taxes but got a bailout instead from Gov. Jack Markell. The falling revenues prompted Governing Magazine to wonder if casinos are still a safe bet. Likewise, USA Today recently asked if the country has too many casinos.
Then of course there is Atlantic City, where gambling revenues are down 45 percent since 2006. Last year, revenues dipped below $3 billion for the first time in 22 years. The slide in Atlantic City shows no signs of slowing down. One casino recently closed and the fancy new Revel casino filed for bankruptcy less than a year after opening.
Analysts say the opening of each new casino in some markets essentially cannibalizes business from each other. “It’s close to the saturation point,” Alex Burnazhny, director in Fitch Rating’s Gaming, Lodging & Leisure group, told Bloomberg News. “It’s almost a zero-sum game whenever a new casino opens.”
Clyde W. Barrow, director of the Center for Policy Analysis at the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, told the Press of Atlantic City the saturation will only intensify once casinos in New York and Massachusetts open. “I believe the level of competition will continue to escalate, because at this point, table games and slots are just like a commodity — like copper and aluminum,” he said.
In Illinois, Clark County Commissioner John Detrick said the casino funds are an unreliable source of funding..”We’re glad to get it,” he said. “But casino money is an unknown and can go down.”
However, not all of the news is bad for the casino industry. The CEOs at two nonprofit casinos in Iowa were each paid more than $650,000 last year, the Des Moines Register reported. Revenues at the casino in Dubuque are down 20 percent in the past five fiscal years, but the CEO’s pay increased 38 percent, the paper reported.
Just goes to show the house wins even when it loses.